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Cite Your Sources

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There are many ways to cite sources in a research paper or project; always use the citation style recommended by your instructor. We have resources to help you in the following formats:

  • APA (American Psychological Association) is the most common method of documentation in the social sciences.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) is the most common method of documentation for the humanities.
  • Chicago (Chicago Manual of Style) is a method of documentation for some social sciences and humanities.
  • Other citations styles include specialized format methods in science & medicine, social sciences, government & law, and journalism.

Select the citation style you are using from the side menu.

What should you cite?

Always cite the following:
  • Direct quotations from any published or unpublished source. Examples of unpublished sources include lecture notes, telephone interviews, or email correspondence.
  • Photographs, videos, images, or any multimedia you did not create yourself.
  • Statistics, ideas, theories, or facts you learned through any outside source.
Things that do not need to be cited:
  • Your own opinions or experiences.
  • Ideas or facts that are considered common knowledge.
  • Images, videos, or other multimedia of your own creation.

*If you are unsure, err on the side of caution and cite your source*

In-Text Citations

  •   Required if you use a direct quote, summarize or paraphrase an idea
  •   How you format an in-text citation is heavily dependent on two things:
    • the style (MLA, APA or Chicago) you're using
    • how you're incorporating the quote/summary/paraphrase into your work
  •   In-text citations should correspond to a full reference entry

Inclusive Language Resources

Below you will find resources related to inclusive language in writing you can incorporate into your writing for all citation styles. 

When using the guide, be sure to "....adhere to the basic principles of inclusive language, which are to choose appropriately specific terms and to show respect by calling people what they call themselves. This requires being open to continual learning and capacity building and remaining mindful that language may change. Identity is intersectional, meaning that people have multiple identities that are affected by interlocking systems of oppression and privilege. No group is a monolith. Make sure to use inclusive terms to acknowledge that intersectionality. People are different and may disagree on language. It is acceptable to recognize that there may be no perfect solution. Ensure you do your due diligence in the language you select. " (from the Foreword)