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FNS 393: First Nations and Education Policy

JP Leary

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Primary Sources

A primary source is a document or piece of evidence written or created during the time period you are studying. A primary source allows you to examine evidence firsthand without being affected by other opinions.

Types of Primary Sources:

  • Diaries
  • Letters
  • Memos/E-mails
  • Speeches (both the text of the speech & the giving of the speech)
  • Manuscripts
  • Autobiographies
  • Interviews
  • Patents
  • Laws, legislation, court rulings
  • Newspaper & magazine articles as an event happened
  • News footage
  • Raw data
  • Artifacts: buildings, clothes, jewelry, toys, fossils
  • Journal articles reporting original research or an experiment
  • Official records of governments, agencies, organizations: meeting minutes, reports, vital records (e.g., Census records)
  • Creative works: poetry, novels, drama, music, art, photography, movies, scripts, performances
  • Technical reports (i.e., accounts of work done on research projects)
For more information on primary sources, see our Primary & Secondary Sources library guide linked below. 

Library Databases

This is not our full list of databases related to primary source research. For a full list of primary source databases, see link below. 

Online Resources

Tip: If you are researching a specific tribe or event relating to a geographic area, you might try locating a museum, university, or library in the region that may have digitized primary sources related to your topic.


UW-Green Bay Archives & Area Research Center

Interested in using primary source material from our archive? Email or visit the archives on 7th floor of the library. Visit their hours page before planning a visit.