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For a complete list of specifics about APA Style for both the reference list and in-text citations, see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association below.
Common APA Examples
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page range. https://doi.org/10.0000/0000
McCauley, S. M., & Christiansen, M. H. (2019). Language learning as language use: A cross-linguistic model of child language development. Psychological Review, 126(1), 1-51. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000126
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page range.
Anderson, M. (2018). Getting consistent with consequences. Educational Leadership, 76(1), 26-33.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI (if available)
Risley, T. R., Hart, B., & Rohn, C. (2008). Gender roles in schools (3rd ed.). Market Books.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Publisher Name. DOI (if available)
O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). Springer.
Author, A. A. or Name of Group. (Date of publication). Title of document. Site name (if different from author). http://webaddress.com/example
If there is no author, move the title of the page to beginning of the citation. If there is no date listed, use (n.d.).
Postwar gender roles and women in American politics. (n.d.). History, Art & Archives: United States House of Representatives. http://history.house.gov/Exhibitions-and-Publications/WIC/Historical-Essays/Changing-Guard/Identity/
*Citation examples taken from the UW-Green Bay Writing Center and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th and 7th eds.*
- Always follow any modifications to APA Style provided by your instructor.
- In-text, or parenthetical, citations indicate you are quoting, summarizing, or paraphrasing someone else's work or ideas.
- In-text citations should correspond to a source in your reference list - this helps your reader identify the original source used.
- Placement depends on how you incorporate a source into your writing - there is more than one correct way to cite in-text.
In-Text Citation Resources
Author–Date Citation System
Guidelines from the official APA Style website about the author–date citation system, which requires an in-text citation and a corresponding reference list entry for each source.
APA In-Text Citations
Excelsior Online Writing Lab