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Nursing & Health Studies Students - Library Services

APA References in EndNote

EndNote is a very useful product for managing and organizing your references. Like any citation program, however, there are some limitations. When creating or importing a journal article reference in either version EndNote, check that these aspects are accurate.

Article Title Capitalization

“Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if any, and any proper nouns” (American Psychological Association, p. 185).

  • Incorrect: Essential Oils and Their Constituents as Anticancer Agents: A Mechanistic View.
  • Correct: Essential oils and their constituents as anticancer agents: A mechanistic view.

Journal Title Capitalization and Abbreviation

“Give the periodical title in full, in uppercase and lowercase letters” (APA, p. 185). PubMed abbreviates the titles of journals, but these abbreviations should not be used in APA references.

  • Incorrect capitalization: Clinical Journal Of Oncology Nursing
  • Correct capitalization: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
  • Incorrect abbreviation: Complement Ther Clin Pract
  • Correct title in full: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

Advanced users may want to use journal term lists to automatically convert abbreviated titles.

Page Numbers

Some databases include the number of pages; this should be removed.

  • Incorrect: 463-467 5p.
  • Correct: 463-467

DOI and Publisher URL

If you aren’t familiar with DOIs, check out this description on how to use them from the APA Style Blog (McAdoo, 2017).

Articles with a DOI

If an article has a DOI, it should be included.

There are several ways to format a DOI in APA: the preferred prefix “” to make the DOI a URL, the older prefix of "", or the prefix “doi:”. EndNote's APA 6th output style automatically adds the "doi:" prefix, so the DOI field in EndNote should only have the DOI (not the URL formats). The examples show how the DOI should appear in your EndNote reference, and then how it appears in your final reference list.

  • Correct EndNote DOI: 10.1155/2014/154106
  • Correct DOI in reference list: doi:10.1155/2014/154106
  • Incorrect EndNote DOI:
  • Incorrect DOI in reference list: doi:

Articles without a DOI

Most current, peer-reviewed articles will have a DOI. However, if you retrieve an article online that does not have a DOI, you should “include the home page URL for the journal, newsletter, or magazine in the reference” (APA, p. 198). Citation generators generally do not include this, and you may need to search for it yourself.

In EBSCO databases (such as CINAHL and MEDLINE), you can usually click on the journal title on the article page to view the publisher’s URL. If you can’t find the publisher’s URL that way, it’s usually easy to find with a Google search.

To add the URL in EndNote online, make the reference type “online article” (it may have defaulted to “journal article”), and put the publisher’s URL in the URL field.

  • Correct publisher’s URL in EndNote:
  • Correct publisher’s URL in final reference list: Retrieved from


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

McAdoo, T. (2017, March 1). DOI display guidelines update. Retrieved from

Thomson Reuters. (n.d.) EndNote: Generate full or abbreviated journal names. Retrieved from