The Chicago notes and bibliography system uses numbered footnotes or endnotes with a separate bibliography that lists all sources alphabetically. These examples of commonly cited types of sources include a full citation followed by a shortened citation to be used in subsequent references.
1. Author A. Surname, "Article Title," Title of Journal Volume, no. Issue (Year): Page(s), DOI [or stable URL].
2. Surname, "Shortened Article Title," page(s).
1. Margaret Lock, “Comprehending the Body in the Era of the Epigenome,” Current Anthropology 56, no. 2 (April 2015): 155, https://doi.org/10.1086/680350.
2. Lock, "Comprehending the Body," 163.
1. Author A. Surname, Title of Book (City, State: Publisher, Year), page(s).
2. Surname, Shortened Title, page(s).
1. Atul Gawande, Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End (London: Profile Books, 2014), 79-80
2. Gawande, Being Mortal, 191.
1. Author A. Surname, "Title of Chapter," in Title of Book, ed. Editor E. Surname (City, State: Publisher, Year), page(s).
2. Surname, "Shortened Chapter Title," page(s).
1. Ruth A. Miller, "Posthuman," in Critical Terms for the Study of Gender, ed. Catharine R. Stimpson and Gilbert Herdt (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014), 325
2. Miller, "Posthuman," 327.
For a complete list of specifics about Chicago style for both the reference list and in-text citations, see The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition. Use the links above for examples, tips, and further help.
Always follow any modifications to Chicago Style provided by your instructor.